The cannabis plant contains a diverse array of chemical compounds, including over 100 different cannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive compound that produces the “high” associated with cannabis use, while cannabidiol (CBD) is non-psychoactive and offers potential therapeutic benefits.

Terpenes, responsible for the distinctive scents and flavors of different strains, contribute to the entourage effect, where cannabinoids and terpenes work together to produce therapeutic effects. Additionally, flavonoids, phytocannabinoids, and various other compounds in cannabis, including amino acids and fatty acids, further contribute to its complexity and potential medicinal value. 

The specific composition of these compounds varies among different strains, leading to diverse effects and potential medical applications.