The increase in the use of marijuana and Cannabis continues to attract interest from several actors. More and more states are increasingly legalizing marijuana and Cannabis due to the potential benefits derived from it.

To put this into perspective, Cannabis contains very many compounds known as cannabinoids. From the many compounds, CBD and THC are the most common compounds. Much of the interest surrounds Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol because they are used to manufacture products that have been found to alleviate ailments such as stress, anxiety, and insomnia.

To fully understand the potential benefit and the side effects of these products, it is imperative first to understand the key differences between CBD and THC.

What is CBD?

CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is a common compound found in Cannabis. It can be derived from either hemp or marijuana. Marijuana contains more THC than hemp, while hemp contains more CBD.

It is a popular treatment since you may use it as a natural treatment for conditions such as anxiety. Typically, it is sold in the form of gels, oils, gummies, supplements, extracts, and more.

What is THC?

THC or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol is the main psychoactive compound in Cannabis. THC is known to cause a high sensation when you smoke Cannabis. Normally, this occurs because the THC triggers the release of brain chemical dopamine-a neurotransmitter involved in mood and pleasure. As a result, you end up experiencing a feeling higher than normal and also feelings of euphoria.

THC can be found in ingredients such as oils, capsules, and edibles. However, it is commonly administered by smoking marijuana.

CBD vs. THC: The Chemical Structure

Both compounds have the same chemical formula. However, the atoms are arranged differently. This means that your body will be affected differently due to the different chemical properties found in both compounds

That being said, they are both chemically similar to your body’s endocannabinoids. This means that they are able to interact with your cannabinoid receptors which release neurotransmitters in your brain. Therefore, they can have an impact on your pain, stress, sleep, mood, and even immune function.

The Impact on the Body

THC and CBD can affect the body differently. THC is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana; therefore, it mostly results in a high feel effect. This occurs when the THC binds with the CB1 receptors, resulting in a feeling of euphoria.

On the other hand, CBD doesn’t contain the high effect characteristic of THC. Instead, it is often thought to bring about a feeling of well-being in your body. This is because it binds weakly with CB1 receptors.

Medical Benefits

CBD and THC provide a wide range of benefits by providing relief for some conditions. However, skepticism for the use of THC occurs as a result of the side effects associated with it. Many people prefer CBD because it doesn’t result in the euphoric effect characteristic of the THC.

Epidiolex is one of the products which the FDA has approved for seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome in patients 1 years of age and older. This means that the FDA deems the drug product safe for the intended use.

Some conditions for which CBD can provide you relief include:

  • Diabetes
  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis
  • Seizures
  • Inflammation
  • Depression
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Psychosis
  • Migraine

THC is used in the treatment of the following conditions:

  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Pain
  • Glaucoma
  • Low appetite
  • Insomnia

Side Effects

Despite both compounds exhibiting medical benefits, you may experience certain side effects.

According to research, you may end up experiencing side effects due to drug-to-drug interaction, which occurs when you are taking CBD products while at the same time taking other medicines. However, such side effects are deemed not fatal and are mostly temporary.

The side effects of CBD include:

  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of weight

The side effects associated with THC were raised due to the compound’s psychoactive properties. Such side effects include:

  • Memory loss
  • Anxiety
  • Red eyes
  • Increased heart rate
  • Dry mouth
  • Coordination problems

The Legality

In the United States, many states are occasioning a shift in paradigm since they are now recognizing the importance of Cannabis. Although CBD is still classified as a schedule 1 drug under federal law, hemp has been removed from the controlled substances Act.

Before choosing a product containing either CBD or THC, it is imperative to research your state’s law. This is because some states deem cannabis-related products as illegal, and you could face stringent penalties. In other jurisdictions, laws have been passed, making CBD and THC legal for medical purposes or even recreational purposes. Therefore, this underlines the imperative nature of understanding your state’s legislation.

 

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